Additional Demographic Information

Randy Leite located these additional sources of demographic information:

Trends in Numbers of High School Graduates,” WICHE/The College Board

Demographic Trends: Undergraduate and Graduate Education

“Significant changes in the size, composition, and career interests of the undergraduate population have characterized the past quarter century of American higher education. Demographic and other trends indicate that similar changes, although not as rapid or extreme, will also mark the next 20 to 30 years. Since the baccalaureate is the entry-level degree to a scientific or engineering career, the composition of the undergraduate population can be expected to have a significant effect on the size and make-up of the science and engineering work force. This section will examine the changing demographic and career patterns of the undergraduate population and discuss the implications of the trends for the size and quality of the scientific and engineering work force.”

Janet Lopez, “Impact of Demographic Changes on U.S. Higher Education, 2000-2050,” State Higher Education Executive Officers.

“The purpose of this brief is to take a step back and identify the key demographic trends that have been identified as major changes over the next 50 years, considering demographic shifts in age, areas of population growth, race and ethnicity, immigration, young children, distribution of wealth, projections of K-12 enrollment and projections of higher education enrollment.”

Watson Scott Swail, “Higher Education and the New Demographics: Questions for Policy,” Change (July/August 2002).

“Higher education is also going through significant changes stimulated by the rapid growth of the Internet, the increasing globalization of higher education, and the ever-pressing question of institutional and instructional quality.  New modes of educational delivery through virtual networks are breaking the traditional mold of instructional provision.  New players, new pedagogies, and new paradigms are redefining higher education. The rules are changing and there is increased pressure on institutions of higher education to evolve, adapt, or desist.

The nexus between these two major trends—unprecedented institutional evolution and dramatic demographic changes—raises important policy and practical questions at both the international and national levels. With respect to the former, what role will U.S. higher education play in a global market?  Will U.S. institutions feel pressure to serve the growing world population?  And how will the emerging competitiveness of a global market for higher education impact U.S. policy and practice? On the domestic front, how will institutions act to meet the challenges posed by the new demographics? How will we keep higher education affordable?  How will the country better prepare new kinds of students for postsecondary study? Who will be left behind in the competitive race, in terms of both citizens and institutions? And what will be the net impact of virtual instruction? “

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